NCLEX Review on OB/GYN – Antepartum



1. A nursing instructor is conducting lecture and is reviewing the functions of the female reproductive system. She asks Mark to describe the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and the luteinizing hormone (LH). Mark accurately responds by stating that:

a. FSH and LH are released from the anterior pituitary gland.
b. FSH and LH are secreted by the corpus luteum of the ovary
c. FSH and LH are secreted by the adrenal glands
d. FSH and LH stimulate the formation of milk during pregnancy.

2. A nurse is describing the process of fetal circulation to a client during a prenatal visit. The nurse accurately tells the client that fetal circulation consists of:

a. Two umbilical veins and one umbilical artery
b. Two umbilical arteries and one umbilical vein
c. Arteries carrying oxygenated blood to the fetus
d. Veins carrying deoxygenated blood to the fetus

3. During a prenatal visit at 38 weeks, a nurse assesses the fetal heart rate. The nurse determines that the fetal heart rate is normal if which of the following is noted?

a. 80 BPM
b. 100 BPM
c. 150 BPM
d. 180 BPM

4. A client arrives at a prenatal clinic for the first prenatal assessment. The client tells a nurse that the first day of her last menstrual period was September 19th, 2005. Using Nagele’s rule, the nurse determines the estimated date of confinement as:

a. July 26, 2006
b. June 12, 2007
c. June 26, 2006
d. July 12, 2007

5. A nurse is collecting data during an admission assessment of a client who is pregnant with twins. The client has a healthy 5-year old child that was delivered at 37 weeks and tells the nurse that she doesn’t have any history of abortion or fetal demise. The nurse would document the GTPAL for this client as:

a. G = 3, T = 2, P = 0, A = 0, L =1
b. G = 2, T = 0, P = 1, A = 0, L =1
c. G = 1, T = 1. P = 1, A = 0, L = 1
d. G = 2, T = 0, P = 0, A = 0, L = 1

6. A nurse is performing an assessment of a primapira who is being evaluated in a clinic during her second trimester of pregnancy. Which of the following indicates an abnormal physical finding necessitating further testing?

a. Consistent increase in fundal height
b. Fetal heart rate of 180 BPM
c. Braxton hicks contractions
d. Quickening

7. A nurse is reviewing the record of a client who has just been told that a pregnancy test is positive. The physician has documented the presence of a Goodell’s sign. The nurse determines this sign indicates:

a. A softening of the cervix
b. A soft blowing sound that corresponds to the maternal pulse during auscultation of the uterus.
c. The presence of hCG in the urine
d. The presence of fetal movement

8. A nursing instructor asks a nursing student who is preparing to assist with the assessment of a pregnant client to describe the process of quickening. Which of the following statements if made by the student indicates an understanding of this term?

a. “It is the irregular, painless contractions that occur throughout pregnancy.”
b. “It is the soft blowing sound that can be heard when the uterus is auscultated.”
c. “It is the fetal movement that is felt by the mother.”
d. “It is the thinning of the lower uterine segment.”

9. A nurse midwife is performing an assessment of a pregnant client and is assessing the client for the presence of ballottement. Which of the following would the nurse implement to test for the presence of ballottement?

a. Auscultating for fetal heart sounds
b. Palpating the abdomen for fetal movement
c. Assessing the cervix for thinning
d. Initiating a gentle upward tap on the cervix

10. A nurse is assisting in performing an assessment on a client who suspects that she is pregnant and is checking the client for probable signs of pregnancy. Select all probable signs of pregnancy.

a. Uterine enlargement
b. Fetal heart rate detected by nonelectric device
c. Outline of the fetus via radiography or ultrasound
d. Chadwick’s sign
e. Braxton Hicks contractions
f. Ballottement

11. A pregnant client calls the clinic and tells a nurse that she is experiencing leg cramps and is awakened by the cramps at night. To provide relief from the leg cramps, the nurse tells the client to:

a. Dorsiflex the foot while extending the knee when the cramps occur
b. Dorsiflex the foot while flexing the knee when the cramps occur
c. Plantar flex the foot while flexing the knee when the cramps occur
d. Plantar flex the foot while extending the knee when the cramps occur.

12. A nurse is providing instructions to a client in the first trimester of pregnancy regarding measures to assist in reducing breast tenderness. The nurse tells the client to:

a. Avoid wearing a bra
b. Wash the nipples and areola area daily with soap, and massage the breasts with lotion.
c. Wear tight-fitting blouses or dresses to provide support
d. Wash the breasts with warm water and keep them dry

13. A pregnant client in the last trimester has been admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of severe preeclampsia. A nurse monitors for complications associated with the diagnosis and assesses the client for:

a. Any bleeding, such as in the gums, petechiae, and purpura.
b. Enlargement of the breasts
c. Periods of fetal movement followed by quiet periods
d. Complaints of feeling hot when the room is cool

14. A client in the first trimester of pregnancy arrives at a health care clinic and reports that she has been experiencing vaginal bleeding. A threatened abortion is suspected, and the nurse instructs the client regarding management of care. Which statement, if made by the client, indicates a need for further education?

a. “I will maintain strict bedrest throughout the remainder of pregnancy.”
b. “I will avoid sexual intercourse until the bleeding has stopped, and for 2 weeks following the last evidence of bleeding.”
c. “I will count the number of perineal pads used on a daily basis and note the amount and color of blood on the pad.”
d. “I will watch for the evidence of the passage of tissue.”

15. A prenatal nurse is providing instructions to a group of pregnant client regarding measures to prevent toxoplasmosis. Which statement if made by one of the clients indicates a need for further instructions?

a. “I need to cook meat thoroughly.”
b. “I need to avoid touching mucous membranes of the mouth or eyes while handling raw meat.”
c. “I need to drink unpasteurized milk only.”
d. “I need to avoid contact with materials that are possibly contaminated with cat feces.”

16. A homecare nurse visits a pregnant client who has a diagnosis of mild Preeclampsia and who is being monitored for pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH). Which assessment finding indicates a worsening of the Preeclampsia and the need to notify the physician?

a. Blood pressure reading is at the prenatal baseline
b. Urinary output has increased
c. The client complains of a headache and blurred vision
d. Dependent edema has resolved

17. A nurse implements a teaching plan for a pregnant client who is newly diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Which statement if made by the client indicates a need for further education?

a. “I need to stay on the diabetic diet.”
b. “I will perform glucose monitoring at home.”
c. “I need to avoid exercise because of the negative effects of insulin production.”
d. “I need to be aware of any infections and report signs of infection immediately to my health care provider.”

18. A primagravida is receiving magnesium sulfate for the treatment of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH). The nurse who is caring for the client is performing assessments every 30 minutes. Which assessment finding would be of most concern to the nurse?

a. Urinary output of 20 ml since the previous assessment
b. Deep tendon reflexes of 2+
c. Respiratory rate of 10 BPM
d. Fetal heart rate of 120 BPM

19. A nurse is caring for a pregnant client with Preeclampsia. The nurse prepares a plan of care for the client and documents in the plan that if the client progresses from Preeclampsia to eclampsia, the nurse’s first action is to:

a. Administer magnesium sulfate intravenously
b. Assess the blood pressure and fetal heart rate
c. Clean and maintain an open airway
d. Administer oxygen by face mask

20. A nurse is monitoring a pregnant client with pregnancy induced hypertension who is at risk for Preeclampsia. The nurse checks the client for which specific signs of Preeclampsia (select all that apply)?

a. Elevated blood pressure
b. Negative urinary protein
c. Facial edema
d. Increased respirations

21. Rho (D) immune globulin (RhoGAM) is prescribed for a woman following delivery of a newborn infant and the nurse provides information to the woman about the purpose of the medication. The nurse determines that the woman understands the purpose of the medication if the woman states that it will protect her next baby from which of the following?

a. Being affected by Rh incompatibility
b. Having Rh positive blood
c. Developing a rubella infection
d. Developing physiological jaundice

22. A pregnant client is receiving magnesium sulfate for the management of preeclampsia. A nurse determines the client is experiencing toxicity from the medication if which of the following is noted on assessment?

a. Presence of deep tendon reflexes
b. Serum magnesium level of 6 mEq/L
c. Proteinuria of +3
d. Respirations of 10 per minute

23. A woman with preeclampsia is receiving magnesium sulfate. The nurse assigned to care for the client determines that the magnesium therapy is effective if:

a. Ankle clonus in noted
b. The blood pressure decreases
c. Seizures do not occur
d. Scotoma’s are present

24. A nurse is caring for a pregnant client with severe preeclampsia who is receiving IV magnesium sulfate. Select all nursing interventions that apply in the care for the client.

a. Monitor maternal vital signs every 2 hours
b. Notify the physician if respirations are less than 18 per minute.
c. Monitor renal function and cardiac function closely
d. Keep calcium gluconate on hand in case of a magnesium sulfate overdose
e. Monitor deep tendon reflexes hourly
f. Monitor I and O’s hourly
g. Notify the physician if urinary output is less than 30 ml per hour.

25. In the 12th week of gestation, a client completely expels the products of conception. Because the client is Rh negative, the nurse must:

a. Admister RhoGAM within 72 hours
b. Make certain she receives RhoGAM on her first clinic visit
c. Not give RhoGAM, since it is not used with the birth of a stillborn
d. Make certain the client does not receive RhoGAM, since the gestation only lasted 12 weeks.

ANSWERS and RATIONALE on NCLEX Review on OB/GYN – Antepartum

 



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